How to say WHAT in Italian?
What generally translates into…
Quale…? – Quali…?
The main difference in the usage relates to Che? (or Cosa?, or, Che cosa?) and Quale?
WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN CHE, COSA, AND CHE COSA
Let’s start from saying that the Italian interrogatives Che, Cosa or, Che cosa are used with verbs (actions).
- Che fai stasera? – What are you doing tonight?
- Cosa vuoi per cena? – What do you want for dinner?
- Che cosa mangi oggi? – What are eating today?
There isn’t a specific rule defining when using the interrogatives Che, Cosa or, Che cosa.
They are interchangeable. My perception is that in Northern Italian Che? is preferred over Cosa? While in the South, people tend to use Che? or Che cosa?
HOW TO USE QUALE IN ITALIAN?
Another way to say WHAT in Italian is to use the interrogative QUALE?
QUALE or QUALI is always used with a noun or the verb to be.
QUALE becomes QUALI if followed by a plural noun or the verb “sono”
QUALE becomes QUAL when followed by the verb è?
QUALE is used both with people and things.
We can generally say that you should use QUALI when English uses the interrogative WHICH.
Precisely, when asking for information about people or things belonging to the same category (eg. colors, cities, languages…)
- Quali città italiane hai visitato? – What/Which Italian cities have you visited?
- Quali lingue conosci? – What/Which languages do you know?
- Quali colori hai scelto? – What/Which colors did you choose?
Note, QUALE/i is followed either by a noun or the verb to be.
The Italian question word QUALE is also used when asking for specific information
- Qual è il segreto della longevità? – What the secret of logentivity?
- Qual è il motivo? – What’s the reason?
QUALE is also used when you are presented with two or more choices.
In this cases it translates the English Which one? or Which ones?
- Quale preferisci? Il vino bianco o quello rosso? – Which one do you prefer? Red or white wine?
“WHAT?” IN COLLOQUIAL ITALIAN
In spoken Italian, the interrogatives QUALE or QUALI are often replaced by CHE:
- Che città hai visitato?
This form belongs strictly to spoken and colloquail Italian. The previous form is preferred if you want to communicate well and use Italian correctly.
COMMON ITALIAN QUESTIONS WITH QUALE
- Qual è il tuo indirizzo? – What’s your address?
- Qual è il tuo numero di telefono? – What’s your address?
- Qual è il tuo (name a thing) preferito/a? – What’s your favorite (something)?