How to succeed at the B1 Cils Cittadinanza- Best Strategies 

If you are here, you need to pass the Italian certification test to get your citizenship. In this post, I will expand on the CILS B1 for Citizenship test (CILS B1 cittadinanza).

For the sake of thoroughness, I must say there are at least two other B1 certifications that will also serve you to get your citizenship. The reason why I am expanding on the CILS is that:

  • The CILS is the most popular one and the one that many of my students have already taken and passed. 
  • People who want to become citizens can take a test called CILS B1 Cittadinanza, which is easier to take and shorter than the regular CILS B1 exam.
  • The CILS B1 Cittadinanza can be taken both in Italy and abroad, while other citizenship exams, like the CELI, can be taken just in Italy. 

The CILS B1 for citizenship (CILS B1 Cittadinanza) consists of four sections and will take  2.05 hours to complete, with a 15 minute break.  

The four sections are: 

  • the listening section  
  • the reading comprehension and syntax section  
  • the writing section 
  • the oral section  

In this post I expand on the best strategies to pass the exam, which are more or less the same ones I use in private exam preparation courses.    What are the best strategies to pass the Italian CILS Cittadinanza? 

The listening section (PART 1)

Preparing for the Listening Section

The Italian CILS B1 for Citizenship consists of 2 audio recordings.

What’s the best way to improve your listening skills in order to pass the CILS Citizenship test? 

Your listening skills are not perfect at this stage, and you can probably understand when Italian is spoken slowly and uses simple vocabulary. That’s totally normal at your level. 

However, if you want to improve your Italian listening at this point, you should start using audio materials that are suitable for your level

How do you know what kind of Italian audio resources are appropriate for you level? Easy. The rule of thumb is that if you don’t understand most of it, you are not using the correct audio source for your level. To challenge your listening and gradually improve, you should not try to understand a movie or even the Italian TV news (that will turn into an overwhelming activity and is not useful to hone your intermediate listening skills). Instead, it would help if you listened to audio sources that are slightly higher than your current level of Italian. Ideally, it should be challenging, without being too difficult or too easy.  Like this, you’ll help your brain absorb the new language naturally and consciously. 

That means that you should listen to understandable content (you understand most of it).

A great technique to enhance your listening skills at this level is to use Italian short story books with incorporated audio for beginner or intermediate levels. You can find a comprehensive list of the best short stories available with slow audio on my articles here:

REMEMBER: the key to improving your listening skills in Italian is being exposed to the right content at the right level as much as possible. 

Another helpful resource to improve your listening comprehension skills is:

You can learn more about this resource on my blog post here. It’s especially great for getting the hang of how conversations work in Italian.

The reading section (PART 2)

Preparing for the Reading Section

The Italian CILS for Citizenship (B1) consists of 2 short texts and lasts 40 minutes. The first text requires you to complete multiple-choice answers. The second text is a vocabulary-based exercise about choosing the right word for each gap. 

How to improve your reading to pass the B1 Italian language exam? 

At this level, I recommend my students use the Italian short stories for levels A2–B1 (see above links) or use A2 reading content out of an Italian textbooks, like Al Dente 1 or Al Dente 2 (some of the best pre-intermediate textbooks available on the market, in my opinion)

As stated in many of my articles, reading is a fundamental part of your Italian language learning process (often and mistakenly underrated!) . When reading, you naturally pick up on the natural language patterns and use the passive vocabulary and grammar you’ve learned in different situations.

The short stories are great because they are short and you can easily choose those that adapt more to your actual level. If you want to improve your beginner or intermediate reading skills, I recommend using these short stories in simple Italian. That’s what I use with my private clients too and I guarantee it’s one of the best ways to improve your Italian   vocabulary, and more broadly, your ability of putting sentences together. 

My favorite Italian Short Stories

The writing section (PART 3)

Preparing for the Writing Section

The writing part for the CILS B1 Cittadinanza consists of two writing prompts. Usually of of them involves writing  an e-email (around 80 words) and the second one involves writing a short essay (approximately 100 words) about a general topic regarding your life (e.g., describing your latest birthday or vacation).  You’ll need to choose and complete only one prompt. 

 A sample of writing prompts from a CILS B1 Citizenship Test.

How to improve your Italian writing to pass a certification? 

Needless to say that you need to practice your writing skills to pass this task. 

Writing won’t only help you pass your Italian exam, though. It’s also a fantastic way to brush up on high-frequency errors, prepositions, and verb conjugations in Italian. 

The most important part is to have your Italian texts corrected and edited by your professional teacher (best case scenario) or your language exchange partner. Most learners use their language exchange partners only to practice their conversational skills. Why not use your Italian conversation partner to have your short essay corrected? I guarantee you will be surprised at how much you can learn from your mistakes.

To give you an idea of how writing can be effective and efficient to improve your Italian grammar and speaking flow…

This is a short text written by an intermediate student preparing for her citizenship exam; as you can see, it is possible to detect some of her high-frequency mistakes through a simple piece of writing.

A writing prompt can serve as a magical tool to point out your common mistakes in grammar and vocabulary. In this case, despite having reached an intermediate level, she was misusing the words meglio/migliore, male/cattivo, and il/lo. Addressing high-frequency mistakes is essential. If you don’t do that at the due time, they will become automatic mistakes and spoil your overall fluency in the long run. 

The oral section (PART 4)

Preparing for the Oral Section

The speaking part for the CILS B1 Cittadinanza consists of four speaking prompts, and you’ll have the chance to choose which one you want to expand on. 

Once you start talking about your chosen topic, the examiner will step in with some questions to test your ability to debate and be engaged in a real conversation. 

Before this, you’ll also be asked to introduce yourself. 

The speaking part lasts around 3-5 minutes, and it is recorded on the spot. 

CILS B1 Cittadinanza SAMPLE

you can sneak a peek into a sample of the citizenship exam test here.

Best textbooks to study for the CILS B1 Citizenship Exam

Once you reach the intermediate level, you can start to train to pass your CILS B1 citizenship certification. The best game plan is to buy a textbook that collects the certification test samples.  

Exam Dates (2024)

These are the upcoming dates for the CILS Cittadinanza Exam in 2024, both in Italy and abroad 

  • 15 febbraio
  • 11 aprile 
  • 5 giugno
  • 18 luglio
  • 17 ottobre
  • 5 dicembre

Remember that you must register for the exam at least 40 days before the exam. 


The exam costs around between 120 and 180 USD, this varies slightly depending on the examination center. 

This page contains an up-to-date list of CILS B1 Citizenship examination centers in Italy and abroad.

CILS exam centers

Do you offer a prep course for the Cils B1 Cittadinanza?

I offer individual courses for highly motivated students who want to perfect their Italian and get in the right shape for the exam.

If you don’t have time to commit to regular meetings or just need a quick fix for the exam (e.g., a customized learning plan), you can book a one-time session with me here.

Serena Capilli

I’m the creative force behind both this blog and my collection of short stories in simple Italian for language learners, available on Amazon.

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Ciao, I’m Serena! I’m the creative force behind both this blog and my collection of short stories in simple Italian for language learners, available on Amazon.

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