How to use ‘già’ in Italian 

Già has two meanings. The primary one (and most used) is already. The second one, which is especially used in conversation, is right or indeed

Già: already 

The most common use of già is when it is used with the sense of “already”.

The basic use of già is with the past tense (passato prossimo), just like in English. In this case, the position of già is always between the auxiliary verb and the past participle.

For example: 

  • Hai già fatto colazione? – Have you already had breakfast?
  • Sono già stato in Italia – I have already been to Italy.
  • L’hai già fatto? – Have you already done it? 
  • L’hai già letto? – Have you already read it?

 Typically, to answer a question including “già,” we use: 

  • non..ancora – not yet
  • non..mai – never

For example:

Hai già visitato Roma? – Have you already visited Rome?

  • No, non l’ho ancora visitata – No, I haven’t visited it yet 
  • No, non l’ho mai visitata – No, I have never visited it 

Già: yeah, right, indeed 

When the word “già” is used in a phrase or exclamation, it has a secondary meaning (particularly during an informal conversation). It roughly translates to “yeah, I’m aware.” A feeling of resignation to something is the nuance here.

  • Dovresti smettere di fumare.  – you should quit smoking.
  • Già!  – right!
  • le vacanze sono finite – holidays are over
  • Già! – indeed!

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Serena Capilli

I’m the creative force behind both this blog and my collection of short stories in simple Italian for language learners, available on Amazon.

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Ciao, I'm Serena!

I’m the creative force behind both this blog and my collection of short stories in simple Italian for language learners, available on Amazon.

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