The Verb Andare: Conjugation and Uses

Conjugating “Andare” in the Present Tense

First off, it’s crucial to recognize that ‘andare’ is an irregular verb in Italian. Unlike regular verbs, which follow a consistent conjugation pattern, irregular verbs like ‘andare’ have unique forms in different tenses and moods.

Conjugating “andare” in the present tense involves altering its stem and adding appropriate endings to match the subject. 

Conjugation English (Affirmative)English (Interrogative)
Io vadoI go / I’m goingAm I going?/Do I go?
Tu vaiYou go / You are going Are you going?/Do you go?
Lui/Lei vaHe/she goes / He/she is going Is he/she going?/Does he/she go?
Noi andiamoWe go / We are going Are we going?/Do we go?
Voi andateYou all go / You all are goingAre you all going?/Do you all go?
Loro vannoThey go / They all are goingAre they going?/Do they go?
conjugation of “andare” – present tense

Andare in compound phrases (verb + verb)

One very common use of ‘andare’ is in conjunction with other verbs in what we call ‘compound phrases’ (verb + verb), and it’s one of the most common uses of ‘andare’ in Italian. The pattern ‘andare + a + infinitive verb’ expresses an intention or a future action.

For example:

  • Vado a fare la spesa (I am going grocery shopping ).
  • Vado a fare una passeggiata  (I’m going for a walk)
  • Vado a mangiare (We’re going to eat)
  • Vado a correre  (I am going for a run)
  • Vado a prendere un caffè  (I am going to get a coffee)

English vs. Italian 

As you can see from the above examples the english equivalent is “be going (to do something).”

Andare with Prepositions

“Andare” often interacts with the simple prepositions “a,” “in,” and “da” and their contracted forms (e.g. al, all, dalla, etc).

Andare in or a?

The choice between ‘a’ and ‘in’ is not strictly governed by a fixed rule. Therefore, the most effective approach is to understand the context and memorize common expressions using ‘andare’ with their respective prepositions.

Andare in (To go to/in)Andare a (To go to/at)
Andare in Italian (to go + country)Andare a Roma (To go + cities, towns)
Andare in vacanza (To go on vacation)Andare in Sicilia (To go + regions, states)
Andare in città (To go to the city)Andare a lezione (To go to class)
Andare in montagna (To go to the mountains)Andare al lavoro (To go to work)
Andare in campagna (To go to the countryside)Andare al cinema (To go to the movies)
Andare in ufficio (To go to the office)Andare a ristorante (To go to the restaurant)
Andare in spiaggia (To go to the beach)Andare al teatro (To go to the theater)
Andare in palestra (To go to the gym)Andare all’università (To go the university)
Andare in chiesa (To go to church)Andare a scuola (To go to school)
Andare in farmacia (To go to the pharmacy)Andare a letto (To go to bed)
Andare in biblioteca (To go to the library)Andare al mercato (To go to the market)
Andare in pizzeria (To go to the pizzeria)Andare a colazione, pranzo, cena (To go for breakfast, lunch, dinner)
andare in/a (chart)

Andare da?

The combination of ‘andare’ with the preposition ‘da’ adheres to a specific rule. Typically, this construction indicates movement toward someone’s place, such as a person (e.g. a friend) or a professional like a doctor or hairstylist.

Vado da Maria.I am going to Maria’s (place).
Vai da tuo fratello?Are you going to your brother’s place?
Va da un amico stasera.He/she is going to a friend’s place tonight.
Vado dal dentista domani.I’m going to the dentists tomorrow.
Andate da Marco oggi?Are you all going to Marco’s (place) today?
andare d (chart)

Andare in the Passato Prossimo (past tense)

In the passato prossimo, “andare” is combined with the auxiliary “essere” and the past participle “andato/a/i/e”.

Remember that in Italian, the passato prossimo is equivalent to both the English past simple (e.g., “I went”) and the present perfect (e.g., “I’ve gone”).

ItalianEnglish (Affirmative )English (Interrogative)
Sono andato/aI went / I have goneDid I go? / Have I gone?
Sei andato/aYou went / You have goneDid you go? / Have you gone?
È andato/aHe/she went / He/she has goneDid he/she go? / Has he/she gone?
Siamo andati/eWe went / We have goneDid we go? / Have we gone?
Siete andati/eYou all went / You all have goneDid you all go? / Have you all gone?
Sono andati/eThey went / They have goneDid they go? / Have they gone?
conjugation of “andare” – passato prossimo

Serena Capilli

I’m the creative force behind both this blog and my collection of short stories in simple Italian for language learners, available on Amazon.

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Ciao, I’m Serena! I’m the creative force behind both this blog and my collection of short stories in simple Italian for language learners, available on Amazon.

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